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What’s on/in those trucks?

What’s on/in those trucks?

What’s on/in those trucks?

The transportation of hazardous materials (hazmat) is all around us.  Below are images taken during my travels when I’ve come across the transportation in commerce of a hazmat.  In each situation I know little about the shipper or the carrier other than what I can read on the vehicle.  However, because the persons involved in the transport of these hazardous materials are trained HazMat Employees (along with an additional component of Safe Driver Training for the drivers) the vehicles and packagings display the hazard communication methods (placards and package marks) required by the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) of the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration within the U.S Department of Transportation (USDOT/PHMSA).  It’s the display of these  hazard communication methods that allow me to determine the contents of the vehicles to the degree that I have in the images below.  Please read my comments related to each of the images and see if you agree with my conclusions.

Note:  terms in italics are defined at 49 CFR 171.8 of the HMR.

UN2078, Toluene diisocyanate

Notes on this image:

The vehicle:

  • The type of vehicle, though commonly referred to as a “tanker truck” or “tank truck”, is identified in the HMR as follows:
    • As a type of cargo-carrying vehicle it is a transport vehicle.
    • Because it is a vehicle operating on a highway (any public road) it is a motor vehicle.
    • The packaging for the hazmat is a cargo tank, a type of bulk packaging.  It is intended primarily for the transport of liquids or gases.
    • A motor vehicle with a cargo tank (as shown in this picture) is identified in the HMR as a cargo tank motor vehicle.
  • Because the motor vehicle is transporting a quantity of hazmat that requires the display of placards it is defined by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), another administration within the USDOT, as a commercial motor vehicle.

The placard(s):

  • The placard displayed is for Class 6, Division 6.1 Poisonous Material.
    • The division number is not required to be displayed on the placard.
  • When required, placards must be displayed and visible on all four sides of the cargo tank or motor vehicle.
  • The placard required to be displayed on the front of the cargo tank or motor vehicle may be displayed on the front of the truck-tractor instead of or in addition to the placard on the front of the cargo tank.
  • A cargo tank – as all other bulk packagings – must display the applicable placards if it contains any quantity – even vapors – of a hazmat.  In other words, the cargo tank in these pictures may be “empty”.  Read more about the HMR and “empty” packagings.
  • It is the responsibility of the shipper to offer the correct placards to the driver of the motor vehicle.  Read:  Shipper of HazMat’s Responsibility to Offer Placards to the Driver.

The identification number:

  • The identification number displayed (UN2078) identifies the proper shipping name of the hazmat as: Toluene diisocyanate.
  • The identification number – without “UN” or “NA” – must be displayed on all four sides of a cargo tank of this volume.
  • The identification number must be displayed on or near the placard.
  • The display of the identification number on the placard – as in this picture – is only one option for its display; there are two others:
    • On an orange panel near the placard.
    • On a white square-on-point near the placard.  Note: though the white square-on-point must have the same dimensions as a placard it is not a placard, it is a package mark or marking.
  • A cargo tank – as for any other bulk packaging – must continue to display the applicable identification number if it contains any quantity – even vapors – of a hazmat.  In other words, the cargo tank in these pictures may be “empty”.  Read more about the HMR and “empty” packagings.
  • It is the responsibility of the shipper to offer the correct identification number marking to the driver of the motor vehicle.

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UN1791, Hypochlorite solutions

Notes on this image:

The vehicle:

  • The type of vehicle, though commonly referred to as a “tanker truck” or “tank truck”, is identified in the HMR as follows:
    • As a type of cargo-carrying vehicle it is a transport vehicle.
    • Because it is a vehicle operating on a highway (any public road) it is a motor vehicle.
    • The packaging for the hazmat is a cargo tank, a type of bulk packaging.  It is intended primarily for the transport of liquids or gases.
    • A motor vehicle with a cargo tank (as shown in this picture) is identified in the HMR as a cargo tank motor vehicle.
  • Because the motor vehicle is transporting a quantity of hazmat that requires the display of placards it is defined by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), another administration within the USDOT, as a commercial motor vehicle.

The placard(s):

  • The placard displayed is for Class 8 Corrosive Material.
  • A Class 8 Corrosive Material may be an acid or a base, a liquid (as I presume it is here) or a solid.
  • When required, placards must be displayed and visible on all four sides of the cargo tank or motor vehicle.
  • The placard required to be displayed on the front of the cargo tank or motor vehicle may be displayed on the front of the truck-tractor instead of or in addition to the placard on the front of the cargo tank.
  • A cargo tank – as all other bulk packagings – must display the applicable placards if it contains any quantity – even vapors – of a hazmat.  In other words, the cargo tank in these pictures may be “empty”.  Read more about the HMR and “empty” packagings.
  • It is the responsibility of the shipper to offer the correct placards to the driver of the motor vehicle.  Read:  Shipper of HazMat’s Responsibility to Offer Placards to the Driver.

The identification number:

  • The identification number displayed (UN1791) identifies the proper shipping name of the hazmat as: Hypochlorite solutions.
  • The identification number – without “UN” or “NA” – must be displayed on all four sides of a cargo tank of this volume.
  • The identification number must be displayed on or near the placard.
  • The display of the identification number on the placard – as in this picture – is only one option for its display; there are two others:
    • On an orange panel near the placard.
    • On a white square-on-point near the placard.  Note: though the white square-on-point must have the same dimensions as a placard it is not a placard, it is a package mark or marking.
  • A cargo tank – as for any other bulk packaging – must continue to display the applicable identification number if it contains any quantity – even vapors – of a hazmat.  In other words, the cargo tank in these pictures may be “empty”.  Read more about the HMR and “empty” packagings.
  • It is the responsibility of the shipper to offer the correct identification number marking to the driver of the motor vehicle.

Daniels Training Services, Inc.

815.821.1550

Info@DanielsTraining.com

http://www.danielstraining.com/

UN2014, Hydrogen peroxide, aqueous solutions, with not less than 20 percent but not more than 40 percent hydrogen peroxide (stabilized as necessary), and Class 8 Corrosive, and Dangerous

The vehicle:

  • As a type of cargo-carrying vehicle it is a transport vehicle.
  • Because it is a vehicle operating on a highway (any public road) it is a motor vehicle.
  • A semi-trailer (shown here) is one example of a motor vehicle.
  • Because the motor vehicle is transporting a quantity of hazmat that requires the display of placards it is defined by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), another administration within the USDOT, as a commercial motor vehicle.

The placard(s):

  • The placards displayed in these pictures are:
    • Dangerous
    • Class 8 Corrosive
    • Division 5.1 Oxidizer

Dangerous placard:

  • A Dangerous placard does not represent or identify a single hazard class or division of hazmat.  Therefore, the exact hazmat on the vehicle – type and quantity – is unknown.
  • The Dangerous placard may be used only if all of the following are true:
    • Vehicle contains hazmat of two or more hazard classes or divisions that are of a type and/or quantity that requires placards.
    • Hazard classes must not be those found in Placarding Table 1 at 49 CFR 172.504(e).  Dangerous placard may be used only for the hazmat found in Placarding Table 2.
    • Hazmat represented by the Dangerous placard is in a non-bulk packaging.
    • The total weight of hazmat on the vehicle must be equal to or greater than the placarding threshold of 454 kg (1,001 lb).
    • Dangerous placard may only be displayed on a freight container, unit load device, transport vehicle (in the photos above), or rail car.
    • A Dangerous placard may not be used if 1,000 kg (2,205 lb) or more of a single hazmat from a single facility is loaded on or in the freight container, unit load device, transport vehicle, or rail car.
  • Any hazmat not meeting the requirements for the Dangerous placard (i.e. bulk packaging, Placarding Table 1 hazmat, exceeds single pickup threshold, &etc.) must be represented by the display of the placard required for its hazmat.
  • From the above conditions for use of the Dangerous placard, the following can be determined about the hazmat on this vehicle:
    • There is at least 1,001 lbs of hazmat, perhaps more.
    • There are at least two separate hazard classes that require placards.  Likely these two are in addition to the two hazmat represented by the Class 8 Corrosive and Division 5.1 Oxidizer placards.
    • None of the hazmat represented by the Dangerous placard is in a bulk packaging.  This does not include the Division 5.1 Oxidizer (see below).
    • No single hazmat of 1,000 kg or more was loaded from a single facility other than the Class 8 Corrosive (see below).
  • Read more about the Dangerous placard.

Class 8 Corrosive:

  • A Class 8 Corrosive may be an acid or a base.  A liquid or a solid.
  • I can only assume that the Class 8 placard is displayed here because 1,000 kg (2,205 lb) or more of a Class 8 Corrosive was loaded on to the vehicle at one facility.  That situation would require the display of the Class 8 placard in addition to the Dangerous placard.

Division 5.1 Oxidizer:

  • The Division 5.1 Oxidizer and the Division 5.2 Organic Peroxide are the only placards that display the division number in the bottom point of the placard and not just the hazard class.
  • The display of the identification number (2014) on the Division 5.1 Oxidizer placard indicates this hazmat is in a bulk packaging; likely an intermediate bulk container (IBC).
  • Since the UN2014 is in a bulk packaging it cannot be represented by the Dangerous placard, thus the display of the Division 5.1 Oxidizer placard on the vehicle.

General placarding:

  • When required, the placard must be displayed and visible on all four sides of the transport vehicle.
  • The placard for the front of the vehicle may be displayed on the front of the truck-tractor instead of or in addition to the placard on the front of the cargo body to which it is attached.
  • It is the responsibility of the shipper to offer the correct placards to the driver of the motor vehicle.  Read:  Shipper of HazMat’s Responsibility to Offer Placards to the Driver.

The identification number:

  • The identification number displayed on the Division 5.1 Oxidizer placard (UN2014) identifies the proper shipping name of that hazmat as: Hydrogen peroxide, aqueous solutions, with not less than 20 percent but not more than 40 percent hydrogen peroxide (stabilized as necessary).
  • The identification number – without “UN” or “NA” – must be displayed on all four sides of a transport vehicle if it contains a bulk packaging.
  • The identification number must be displayed on or near the placard.
  • The display of the identification number on the placard – as in this picture – is only one option for its display; there are two others:
    • On an orange panel near the placard.
    • On a white square-on-point near the placard.  Note: though the white square-on-point must have the same dimensions as a placard it is not a placard, it is a package mark or marking.
  • It is the responsibility of the shipper to offer the correct identification number marking to the driver of the motor vehicle.

Contact me with any questions you may have about the transportation of hazardous materials by air, highway, vessel, or rail

International and Domestic

Daniels Training Services, Inc.

815.821.1550

Info@DanielsTraining.com

http://www.danielstraining.com/

UN1830, Sulfuric Acid, with more than 51 percent acid

Notes on this image:

The vehicle:

  • The type of vehicle, though commonly referred to as a “tanker truck” or “tank truck”, is identified in the HMR as follows:
    • As a type of cargo-carrying vehicle it is a transport vehicle.
    • Because it is a vehicle operating on a highway (any public road) it is a motor vehicle.
    • The packaging for the hazmat is a cargo tank, a type of bulk packaging.  It is intended primarily for the transport of liquids or gases.
    • A motor vehicle with a cargo tank (as shown in this picture) is identified in the HMR as a cargo tank motor vehicle.
  • Because the motor vehicle is transporting a quantity of hazmat that requires the display of placards it is defined by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), another administration within the USDOT, as a commercial motor vehicle.

The placard(s):

  • The placard displayed is for Class 8 Corrosive Material.
  • A Class 8 Corrosive Material may be an acid or a base, a liquid (as I presume it is here) or a solid.
  • When required, placards must be displayed and visible on all four sides of the cargo tank or motor vehicle.
  • The placard required to be displayed on the front of the cargo tank or motor vehicle may be displayed on the front of the truck-tractor instead of or in addition to the placard on the front of the cargo tank.
  • A cargo tank – as all other bulk packagings – must display the applicable placards if it contains any quantity – even vapors – of a hazmat.  In other words, the cargo tank in these pictures may be “empty”.  Read more about the HMR and “empty” packagings.
  • It is the responsibility of the shipper to offer the correct placards to the driver of the motor vehicle.  Read:  Shipper of HazMat’s Responsibility to Offer Placards to the Driver.

The identification number:

  • The identification number displayed (UN1789) identifies the proper shipping name of the hazmat as: Hydrochloric acid.
  • The identification number – without “UN” or “NA” – must be displayed on all four sides of a cargo tank of this volume.
  • The identification number must be displayed on or near the placard.
  • The display of the identification number on the placard – as in this picture – is only one option for its display; there are two others:
    • On an orange panel near the placard.
    • On a white square-on-point near the placard.  Note: though the white square-on-point must have the same dimensions as a placard it is not a placard, it is a package mark or marking.
  • A cargo tank – as for any other bulk packaging – must continue to display the applicable identification number if it contains any quantity – even vapors – of a hazmat.  In other words, the cargo tank in these pictures may be “empty”.  Read more about the HMR and “empty” packagings.
  • It is the responsibility of the shipper to offer the correct identification number marking to the driver of the motor vehicle.

Daniels Training Services, Inc.

815.821.1550

Info@DanielsTraining.com

http://www.danielstraining.com/

UN1866, Resin solution, flammable

The vehicle:

  • As a type of cargo-carrying vehicle it is a transport vehicle.
  • Because it is a vehicle operating on a highway (any public road) it is a motor vehicle.
  • A semi-trailer (shown here) is one example of a motor vehicle.
  • Because the motor vehicle is transporting a quantity of hazmat that requires the display of placards it is defined by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), another administration within the USDOT, as a commercial motor vehicle.

The placard(s):

  • The placard displayed is for a Class 3 Flammable Liquid.
  • When required, the placard must be displayed and visible on all four sides of the transport vehicle.
  • The placard for the front of the vehicle may be displayed on the front of the truck-tractor instead of or in addition to the placard on the front of the cargo body to which it is attached.
  • It is the responsibility of the shipper to offer the correct placards to the driver of the motor vehicle.  Read:  Shipper of HazMat’s Responsibility to Offer Placards to the Driver.
  • Since no other placards are displayed it is safe to assume that no other hazmat is in the vehicle.

The identification number:

  • The identification number displayed (UN1866) identifies the proper shipping name of the hazmat as: Resin solution, flammable.
  • The identification number – without “UN” or “NA” – must be displayed on all four sides of a transport vehicle if it contains a bulk packaging.
  • Or…if the consignment of hazmat in non-bulk packagings meets the requirements of 49 CFR 172.301(a)(3).  Read: Identification Number Mark for Large Quantities of a Single HazMat in non-Bulk Packagings.
  • The identification number must be displayed on or near the placard.
  • The display of the identification number on the placard – as in this picture – is only one option for its display; there are two others:
    • On an orange panel near the placard.
    • On a white square-on-point near the placard.  Note: though the white square-on-point must have the same dimensions as a placard it is not a placard, it is a package mark or marking.
  • It is the responsibility of the shipper to offer the correct identification number marking to the driver of the motor vehicle.

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If you are interested in this article and these images, it is likely that in performing your job you have a direct impact on the safe transportation of hazardous materials.  If you do, then you are a HazMat Employee and require initial and triennial HazMat Employee training.  I can provide you – and all of your employees – with this training or provide consulting services or just answer any questions you may have about the safe transportation of hazardous materials in commerce.